Beginning DevOps: How to Bring Your Company Along on the Journey

By: Walid Issa, Senior Manager Systems Engineering, NetApp

The concept of DevOps in IT has been around for over 10 years and represents a change of focus in the industry—from engineering practices that center on the construction of software to practices that target both construction and operations. Relatively new source control, software automation, and delivery tooling have been a part of this movement. But DevOps is primarily a way of working that is facilitated by tooling, rather than being defined by it.

Accepted definitions of DevOps therefore tend to focus on the cultural aspects of IT delivery: breaking down team silos and fostering organization wide collaboration to achieve end goals. They also emphasize investing in automation to improve reliability, as well as collecting metrics to improve awareness of the delivery pipeline.

Let’s take a look at the key management challenges involved in moving a team to a DevOps methodology. We’ll also look at the technical and cultural requirements for a transition that achieves your business goals, considering matters such as whether to hire in, how to manage change, and what to focus on as you progress.

DevOps, Agile, or Site Reliability Engineering?

Other new terms that have sprung up in the last 2 decades, often related to DevOps, are Agile and Site Reliability Engineering (SRE). Agile is a set of project management practices that have developed since the original Agile Manifesto was published in 2001. These practices emphasize self-organization and continuous adjustment to delivery teams’ working practices. By contrast, SRE is an engineering discipline that focuses on applying software engineering skills and practices to reduce the ongoing cost of operations. Although Agile and SRE practices are closely correlated with high-functioning DevOps organizations, neither is necessary for transitioning to a DevOps way of working.

Transitioning to DevOps

What, then, is required for transitioning to a DevOps team? Is the payoff worth the effort? In this section, I outline some of the factors and best practices you should consider when making the change.

Determine Your Motivators

The best way to start is to determine your motivators. There can be many reasons for moving to a DevOps methodology, including speeding up delivery of new features, reducing the cost of delivery and maintenance, improving quality, or making decisions by applying metrics. Deciding which you want to emphasize early on will help as you proceed.

Communicate Your Goals

After you determine your motivators, it’s important to stay focused on these goals as you seek to change the working methods of your teams. “DevOps” is a broad and loosely used term, so you can easily get distracted by the multiple paths available. Communication is key here, because at many points, the changes you want to make might be misunderstood or questioned. Inevitably, changing the way teams deliver and operate any product will initially incur a cost—and probably change people’s roles—so it’s vital that they see the bigger picture.

Manage Change

One of the common mantras of the DevOps community is “You build it, you run it.” This phrase can mean that a single team is responsible for both development and operations, and working practices might alter. For instance, developers might move to an on-call rotation. Another common modification is to replace manual change-control processes and operations with automated processes, such as presenting interfaces as APIs. Implementing either of these changes involves adjustments to working practices. As time goes on, and change gathers momentum, you might find that you need to exercise your management skills, or involve Human Resources, to smooth these transitions.

Prepare for Technical Barriers

Although introducing DevOps is primarily a cultural change, specific technical skills can help facilitate the transition. Most notable among these skills are proficiency in Git, continuous integration tools such as Jenkins, and infrastructure automation tools like Chef and Ansible.

 It’s generally preferable, when possible, to train your staff in these new skills. Aside from being more cost effective than hiring in new staff, teaching new skills can increase the level of buy-in from the very people that best understand the business already.

To achieve the DevOps goals of automation and improving collaboration across previously siloed teams, you might also need to make technical changes to business processes. For example, many change-control and documentation systems are not conducive to a collaborative way of working, and you might need to replace or upgrade your existing systems to support this aim.

On the Cloud Analytics team at NetApp, for example, we use Atlassian’s JIRA and Confluence products, because we’ve found that they give us the real-time collaboration and culture of open communication that DevOps requires.

Remove Bottlenecks with APIs and Services

Another aid to automation is to use more formal, defined APIs instead of on-demand request systems for services within your business. Typical examples of such services are network firewall changes or requests to install a specific version of software on a server. APIs can be implemented with REST interfaces, for example, if the service that the API is fronting needs to be fully automated and scalable. Alternatively, automation could be webform based if the processes are still maturing or aren’t large scale. Whichever path you take, for a true DevOps approach, it’s important to depend less on people performing manual steps, and move to a service-based model that reduces bottlenecks.

At NetApp, we make the most of automation in the tools we use, and extend this approach to the tools we build. Our portfolio of cloud services offers integration APIs to support you with your transition.

Technology Is a Means, Not an End

As I mentioned at the start of this blog post, DevOps is facilitated by tooling, not defined by it. One common misstep in pursuing the transition is believing that tools alone will change habit, behavior and bad practice. It matters little whether you use Ansible or Chef, Confluence or SharePoint. Your best path to achieving your goals is through improving communications and automating where possible, rather than adopting a technology with no regard for the context in which the work gets done.

Be Aware of Cultural Barriers

How can you instill the right mindset within an organization that hasn’t already embraced DevOps, and what will the barriers to such changes be?

The first major barrier is institutional inertia. Change within any organization can create feelings of instability among staff members. The changes that DevOps can bring to roles, required technical skillsets, team structure, and team relationships can be troubling to many. Both overt and covert resistance can be detrimental to the success of such changes.

Unfortunately, not everyone will want to come along for the ride. But you can increase buy-in and velocity by presenting the changes openly and as opportunities for career development. Involving team members in decision making is also beneficial. Finding key staff members who champion the transition, and supporting them when possible, will also help increase the velocity of change, both technical and cultural.

Even with a supportive team and upper management, changing the way a team works does not come for free, and here you need to watch out for another potential challenge: investing resources in changes well before you see a payoff. If you’re not prepared for that fact, you can be blown off course, because the pressure to revert to familiar ways of working can become overwhelming. Unfortunately, DevOps is often presented and perceived as a panacea that reduces cost and improves quality without pain. Of course, no such magic bullet exists in any business.

Finally…

When adopting a DevOps methodology, you have no shortage of choices. These choices can be bewildering, so it’s vital to keep in mind what drove you to make the change in the first place. Because technical and cultural challenges will provide headwinds that can be difficult to overcome, it’s critical to get buy-in from company stakeholders, both below and above. Moving to DevOps is a process of continuous improvement, so when your changes start paying dividends through the metrics you’ve defined, make sure that you publicize your successes around the business to keep the momentum going.

As your changes build on one another, you will feel the benefits of an increase in operational control, and predictability of business outcomes. You’ll sleep better knowing that your established processes are there to handle any problem and that your engineers have the information they need to resolve issues quickly. And your leadership will be happier, because a faster development cycle reduces time to market. Among the many choices out there, NetApp offers a range of cloud services built by DevOps for DevOps. Whether you’re building applications or managing them, it’s worth taking a look at.

Learn more about NetApp DevOps solutions here

FVC to lead with Enterprise Collaboration at Gitex 2019

Company will also highlight FVC Services, Audio-Video and ITIS portfolio

FVC, a leading value-added-distributor (VAD) in the Middle East and Africa, has announced its participation at Gitex 2019.  With a focus on enabling organizations’ digital transformation journey, FVC will demonstrate the strength of its comprehensive enterprise collaboration vendor portfolio, in addition to highlighting its Audio-Video, IT Infrastructure and IT Security portfolio. 

“Theuptake of enterprise collaboration solutions has significantly increased owing to a rise in digital transformation initiatives across the region. Businesses of all sizes and industries are investing in ‘Smart Meeting Rooms; and ‘Huddle Spaces’ in a bid to enhance employee productivity, reduce costs and achieve better outcomes,” said K.S. Parag, Managing Director, FVC. “Although collaboration tools have been around for more than two decades, active adoption has increased over the last few years as organizations have realised the benefits of modernizing their infrastructure to realise the benefits of connecting a distributed workforce. The popularity of co-working spaces and business hubs is also driving demand for state-of-the-art collaboration solutions to offer mobile professionals a rich communication experience. The outlook for enterprise collaboration looks promising as businesses focus on enriching their employees’ workplace experience to boost productivity.”

At GITEX, FVC will demonstrate the synergy between its collaboration and AV portfolio to deliver a truly seamless and rich communications experience. FVC will also showcase its IT infrastructure and Security portfolio which consists of network monitoring solutions, switching, WAN Optimization and SD-WAN solutions, end-point security, Privileged Access Management, real-time breach detection and prevention solutions. 

“GITEX will be our platform to demonstrate our strength in helping partners and customers with solutions that will power their DX initiatives and improve their business processes. We also look forward to meet with new and existing partners as well as end-users to understand their businesses and IT challenges and help develop a synergy with our partner community,” added Parag.

FVC will also showcase FVC Services, its tailor-made offering specifically for partners to be able to offer the same high levels of service to their customers. Through FVC services, the company brings across its domain expertise including cloud migration and managed service offering to end-customers through the FVC partner community. 

Located in the Sheikh Rashid Hall on stand SR-B2, FVC will be showcasing its key vendors including Poly, Barco, SMART, Ribbon Communications, Yamaha, and Vaddio, amongst others. 

Data Availability: Laying the Digital Foundation for a More Intelligent Business

Author: Dave Russell, VP of Enterprise Strategy, Veeam

In today’s rapidly changing digital landscape, organizations are increasingly facing the need to implement strategies to manage and protect their data, especially when the data growth rate is not slowing down. IDC reported that companies will have 175 ZB of data by 2025, which combined with a highly competitive environment can be the recipe for a business disaster.

Building strong digital foundations that focus on data availability will be vital to the future of every organization. They must implement effective intelligent data management strategies that help them being able to access the right data at the right time and recover it when it’s lost or damaged.

Building A More Intelligent Business

Veeam’s2019 Cloud Data Management report, found that most organizations (73%) are unable to meet users’ demands for uninterrupted access to applications and data, but almost half of reported individuals (44%) see data management as critical to their businesses’ success in the next two years.

For data management strategies to be successful, enterprises need to follow four core components that not only encompass the technology but the people and the data-culture of the organization.

Component 1: The rise of the cloud

Cloud Data Management, an intrinsic part of Intelligent Data Management, enables data availability across the business. Whether it is a hybrid, a cloud or a multicloud approach, leaders recognize the advantages, from reliability and flexibility to competitive costs and data security, the cloud allows them to manage and locate data where it will deliver the most value. 

An organization can aggregate large amounts of data but if it doesn’t have an efficient way to store it and make it accessible to business users, it will turn against them. Having data that is stored through a reliable and manageable process directly correlates to corporate stability and improves the ability to forecast and make better informed decisions.

Component 2: Your capabilities matter

Business leaders reported that they will spend an average of $41 million on deploying technologies to help transform their operations within the next 12 months. However, for technologies such as backup, disaster recovery and data protection to have the expected business impact, organizations need to invest in their talent, giving them the tools and training to nurture their skills to successfully manage new programs. 

The digital journey’s outcome is intrinsically related to the level of technological capabilities of its userbase. Upskilling employee’s digital skills will be vital to the success of the company and should not be overlooked when allocating company resources. After all, it is the people who make a company successful.

Component 3: Make it a data-driven culture

A corporate culture should be welcoming to innovation, support the introduction of new technologies and speed the process of digital transformation. 

As companies move through this transformation, their culture needs to become more data-driven. Businesses already produce huge amounts of data, but it is not about just gathering data anymore, it has to be managed, analyzed and used to inform faster and make more effective decisions. And it is in the hands of the C-level to convey this way of thinking, from top to bottom leadership should demonstrate the business relation and how technology supports the organization to uncover insights for better services and products. 

Component 4: Confidence is key

The level of confidence in an organization’s capability to meet digital challenges naturally increases as the businesses progress on their digital transformation. However, the potential risks increase as well. 

Addressing the first three components not only gives piece of mind internally but to customers and partners. Investing in robust, scalable and flexible solutions to address mission-critical issues, while allocating resources to improve internal skills will lay that much needed strong digital foundation. 

Maximizing the value of data, has never been as important as today, and as organizations take a leap onto their digital journey and work to become more intelligent businesses, they need to rely and trust their data will be available whenever is needed. Technology, people, new capabilities and a data-driven mentality will help take the steps towards enabling the next-generation of industry disruptors and innovators.